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瓜果蔬菜育苗播种前准备

瓜果蔬菜育苗播种前准备

Preparation of fruits and vegetables before seeding

播种前,精心挑捡种子,去除秕籽,并在阳光下晒种(夏天不要在水泥地面上晒种,以防温度过高烫伤种子)进行消毒。然后用清水淘洗种子数次,进一步洗去种子表面的杂质和吸附在种子表面的病菌。最后要根据不同的种子进行不同时间的浸种工作。浸种时间一定要适宜,过长或过短均不利于种子发芽。

Before sowing, carefully pick seed removal, seed, and drying in the sun for (summer not on cement ground to bask in, to prevent high temperature scald disinfected seeds). And then washed with water several times to wash away the seed seed, further impurities on the surface and adsorbed on the surface of the bacteria seed. Finally, to different time according to the different seed soaking work. Soaking time must be appropriate, too long or too short is not conducive to seed germination.

番茄种子、辣椒种子、茄子种子一般在常温下浸种10~12h。具体浸种时间还要根据实际情况而定,如番茄种子制种时进行脱毛处理的,其浸种时间可以比没有进行脱毛的少浸种1~2h。有些种子有休眠期,如新采的黄瓜种、芹菜种、南瓜种等,要多浸种几个小时,并多清洗几次,或用赤霉素等激素进行处理,以利发芽。不同的水温所要求的浸种时间也不一样。浸种后的种子一般要用清水冲洗干净,有的种子还要进行搓洗,以清除种子表面的粘液,如茄子种、黑籽南瓜种和西瓜种等。浸种后的种子最好在室内晾10~20min,使种子表面稍干,以利种皮透气。?#26434;?#26080;籽西瓜种子及一些种皮较厚的西瓜种子、新采的黑籽南瓜种子、西瓜砧木90A、90B等种子,浸种后如进行嗑壳处理,能明显提高种子发芽率和发芽势。

Tomato seeds, chilli seeds, eggplant seeds in normal temperature with 10 ~ 12h. Specific soaking time also according to actual circumstances, such as tomato seed when hair removal treatment, the soaking time can be less than no hair removal of Seed Soaking with 1 ~ 2h. Some seeds have dormancy period, such as the new production of cucumber, celery, pumpkin seeds for other, more soaking for several hours, and cleaning a few times, or with gibberellin hormone treatment, in order to facilitate the germination. Different water temperature required by the soaking time is not the same. After seed soaking seeds in general to rinse with clean water, some of the seed also scrub, to clear the seed surface mucus, such as eggplant, black seed pumpkin and watermelon species. After seed soaking seeds in the best indoor clothes 10 ~ 20min, the seed surface slightly dry, Eli seed coat permeability. For seedless watermelon seed and seed coat of thick watermelon seeds, adopt a new black seed pumpkin seeds, watermelon rootstock 90A, 90B seeds, such as cracking the shell after soaking, can significantly improve the seed germination rate and germination.


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